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    California's Corporation Code, You'll Find No Epidemics Or Pandemics There

    Protasis

    General Corporation Law

    Does Section 415 Derogate The Exclusivity Of The Appraisal Remedy?

    Section 415 of the California Corporations Code provides that nothing in the General Corporation Law "shall be construed as a derogation of any rights or remedies of a creditor or shareholder may have against any … shareholder, director, officer or...

    General Corporation Law

    Can This Bylaw Provision Eliminate Shareholder Proposals?

    Rule 14a-8 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 requires companies that are subject to the federal proxy rules to include shareholder proposals in their own proxy statements to shareholders, subject to certain procedural and substantive...

    Corporate Governance, General Corporation Law

    What Happens When A Corporation Cannot Afford To Pay Dissenting Shares?

    Chapter 13 of the California General Corporation governs so-called "dissenters' rights".  In general, Chapter 13 provides that in certain specified transactions, a shareholder can require the corporation to purchase the shareholder's "dissenting...

    California Corporations Code, General Corporation Law

    Close Corporation Or Simply A Closely Held Corporation?

    A corporation may have a single shareholder or tens of thousands of shareholders.  The former is often referred to as a "closely held corporation".  The California Corporations Code does not use or define the term "closely held corporation" although...

    Corporate Governance, General Corporation Law

    A Different Sort Of Standing Is At Issue In Federal Court Challenge To California Female Director Quota

    Last November, a shareholder of OSI Systems, Inc. filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California challenging California's law imposing female director quotas on publicly traded corporations headquartered in...

    Corporate Governance, General Corporation Law

    What Makes Common Stock, Common?

    Suppose that the articles of incorporation provide that a corporation will have two classes of shares, with one class entitled to 90% of all dividends declared and assets upon liquidation and the other class to the remaining 10%.  Clearly, an...

    General Corporation Law

    Bill Threatens Further Obfuscation Of California's Board Quota Law

    Two years ago, California State Senator Hannah-Beth Jackson introduced a bill imposing gender quotas on publicly held domestic or foreign corporations having their principal executive offices in California.  Then Governor Brown admitted "I don't...

    General Corporation Law

    Four Decades After Being Abolished, Some California Corporations Continue To Refer To "Treasury Stock"

    Treasury shares are shares that a corporation has issued and then reacquired but not retired.  Hence, they are shares that have been issued but are no longer outstanding.  In some states, treasury shares retain some legal significance but not so in...

    General Corporation Law

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