A Permit To Negotiate - Really?

It is sometimes forgotten that the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 makes it unlawful to either offer or sell a security in California in an issuer transaction unless that the sale has been qualified or exempt from or not subject to...

Why Not All Purchasers Are Buyers

Modern English is partially the product of an unnatural grafting of French onto Old English.  It is for this reason that we often find two words for nearly the same thing.  Thus, we call the animal a cow  but the food beef.  The barnyard term is Old...

California Proposes To End Bylaw Amendment Reviews

Credit Unions got their start in Nineteenth Century Germany.  In 1909, Roman Catholic textile workers opened the first credit union in the United States, St. Mary's Cooperative Credit Association (later, renamed La Caisse Populaire Ste.-Marie).  At...

Financial Difficulties - A Bizarrely Vague Standard For Disclosure

Earlier this year, the Securities and Exchange Commission published for comment proposed amendments to the Municipal Securities Disclosure Rule (Rule 15c2-12).  The existing rule is complicated and I will not attempt to explain it here.   For...

Officers Of Foreign Corporations And The California Courts

Yesterday's post concerned Section 2116 of the California Corporations Code.  Courts sometimes describe Section 2116 as codifying the internal affairs doctrine.  See, e.g., Vaughn v. LJ Internat., Inc., 174 Cal. App. 4th 213, 223 (2009) and Voss v....

"And" Or "Or" - This Ninth Circuit Opinion Highlights The Difference

"And" and "or" are classified as conjunctions. They are classified as such because they yoke together words, phrases, clauses and sometimes even sentences.  They are not interchangeable, however, as illustrated by the recent opinion by the Ninth...

Investment Advisers And Broker-Dealers Face Scant Likelihood Of California Examinations

The California Department of Business Oversight recently issued a report on its Broker-Dealer/Investment Adviser Program.  This report was required by the Budget Act of 2014. Although short, the report provides some interesting data...

U.S. District Court Finds Personal Jurisdiction In Derivative Suit

I think it is beyond peradventure that a state enjoys personal jurisdiction over corporations incorporated within that state.  What about the personal jurisdiction over the corporation's directors and officers?  That was the question addressed by...

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