New Rule 147A And Amendments To Rule 147 Are Now Effective

Last October the Securities and Exchange Commission adopted amendments to Rule 147 to modernize the safe harbor under Section 3(a)(11) and a new intrastate offering exemption, Rule 147A.  See Will New Rule 147A Lead To A Renaissance In California...

Scienter Requirement May Be A Question Of Timing

On several occasions, I have written about whether scienter is required under Corporations Code Section 25401.  That question surfaced again last week in Judge Gonzolo P. Curiel's ruling on the defendants' motion to dismiss federal and state...

Federal Judge Rules Out Private Cause Of Action Under California Control Person Statute

Some persons may be deemed to violate the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 even though they did not directly violate the law.  Corporations Code Section 25403(a) provides that a person who with knowledge directly or indirectly controls and induces...

Qualification Of Offers And Sales Of Non-Voting Common Stock Is No Snap In California

In March, Snap Inc. announced that it and the selling stockholders had sold of 230 million shares of Class A Common Stock to the public at an initial public offering price of $17.00 per share.  The gross proceeds of the offering to the company and...

Court Rules Indirect Purchaser Claims Against Theranos May Proceed

Theranos' anni horrorum began in October 2015 with the publication of a story by investigative reporter John Carreyrou at The Wall Street Journal.  Lawsuits and government investigations ensued.  Although the Theranos recently...

California's Corporations Code And Securities Rules Are Rife With Errors

Spring is the traditional season for cleaning and California's Corporations Code and securities rules are desperately in need of some tidying up.  In a very quick and incomplete review of the Code and the Commissioner's rules, I found the following:

Court Finds Promissory Notes Are Not Securities

Yesterday's post concerned the Court of Appeal's decision in People v. Black, 2017 Cal. App. LEXIS 130 (Cal. App. 6th Dist. Feb. 16, 2017).  The case involved the criminal prosecution of an individual for making false statements in connection with...

Silver Hills Doesn't Mute Howey

Anyone who has studied securities regulation since 1946 should be familiar with the U.S. Supreme Court's definition of a "security" as enunciated by Justice Frank Murphy in S.E.C. v. Howey Co., 328 U.S. 293 (1946).  That test asks "whether the...

Must A False Statement To A Franchisee Be Made "In this state"?

The list of instruments and interests included within the definition of a "security" in California Corporations Code Section 25019 is long.  A franchise, however, is not to be found amongst the named.  In fact, the statute specifically excludes a...

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